MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.
Martin Luther King, Jr. gave
his prophetic "I Have Been to the
Mountain Top" speech in Memphis, in which he said: "[L]ike
anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I'm not concerned about that
now. I just want to do God's
will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over, and I've seen
the promised land. I may not
get there with you, but I want you to know tonight that we as a people
will get to the promised land. So I'm happy tonight. I'm not worried about anything.
I'm not fearing any man. Mine
eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord."
King was assassinated the
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.
At age 39, civil rights leader
Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot by a sniper while he stood on the balcony
of Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. Reaction was immediate. King had been in
Memphis to help striking black
sanitation workers in their labor dispute with the
Atlanta, Mayor Ivan Allen saw a
television news flash telling of King's shooting and called Coretta Scott
King to express his sympathy and ask if there was anything he could do.
At the time, King was still alive, so she asked Allen to help her get to the
airport to catch a plane to Memphis. Allen arranged a police escort and
he and his wife accompanied her to the airport. Upon arriving, they received the
news that King had just died. Allen and his wife returned home with Mrs.
King and family members. There, she received a phone call of condolences
from Pres. Lyndon Johnson. Johnson then went on national
television to express his sorrow and to appeal for calm: "We have been
saddened. I ask every citizen to reject the blind violence that has struck
Dr. King, who lived by nonviolence . . . .We can achieve nothing by lawlessness
and divisiveness among the American people." Presidential candidate Robert
Kennedy said "Rev. King had a life dedicated to peace, justice,
compassion, and nonviolence. It is up to us to fulfill his dream." In Georgia, longtime King foe Gov.
Lester Maddox had no public comment and refused to take reporters'
America, however, reaction was
immediate as many blacks expressed grief and outrage over King's
assassination. Singer James
Brown went on national television to appeal for restraint, but rioting
broke out in more than 100 cities across
America, resulting in the deaths of
46 people. In
Atlanta that night, it was raining
heavily, which helped spare the city from the violent demonstrations
Funeral of MARTIN LUTHER KING,
JR. April 9,
The funeral of Martin Luther
King, Jr. was held at Ebenezer Baptist Church in
Atlanta. Around 100,000 people came
for the service, though the church would only hold 800. After the funeral, a mule drawn
wagon carried King's body through Atlanta's streets to
Morehouse College followed by up to 200,000
BROWN records “Please, Please, Please” April,
James Brown's "Please, Please,
Please" became his first recording to enter the R&B chart of top
ROBINSON April 15,
Jackie Robinson became the
first African-American to play major league baseball. In the game, he went
hitless as his Brooklyn
Dodgers took on the Boston
Braves. Nevertheless, Robinson got on base due to a Braves' error and
scored the winning run in a 5-3 Dodger win.